Civilizations and their by-effects: beware of cockroaches, our neighbours and companions
A view of the cockroach collection of the Manchester Museum.
Any online dictionary (e.g., here) can provide a clear definition of what is a human civilization. For instance, it is “the stage of human social development and organization which is considered most advanced”. Such advanced stage is achieved by bringing out of a savage, uneducated or unrefined state, and is commonly measured by a high level of culture, science, industry and government (whatever the latter could mean). Certainly, such definition is based on a self-centered approach by the human and is likely to reflect his own pride. Possible side effects of any human civilization are rarely considered, not to mention that all such civilizations are developed and exist at the expense of the Nature surrounding them.
Fig. 1. A visual history of the cockroaches, from the world it shared with dinosaurs to the urban world it…
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